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SEC Whistleblower Program: Exposing Insider Trading


SEC’s Increased Focus on Insider Trading

On March 23, 2017, a New York federal judge granted a temporary asset freeze against the assets of a Hong Kong private equity investor, Shaohua “Michael” Yin, who the SEC accused of making $29 million by trading on insider information about Comcast’s purchase of DreamWorks Animation.

According to the SEC’s complaint, filed on February 10, 2017,  Yin used brokerage accounts under other people’s names to buy $56 million of DreamWorks stock (2.15 million shares) at a weighted average price of $26.25 per share. Shortly thereafter, Comcast and DreamWorks jointly announced that Comcast would acquire DreamWorks at a price of $41 per share. Predictably, DreamWorks stock skyrocketed 47.3% after the announcement, from $27.12 per share to $39.95 per share. In all, Yin’s brokerage accounts realized more than $29 million in profits from their trading at DreamWorks.

Investors should rest assured, however, that insider trading schemes do not pay off as the SEC frequently detects (or is tipped off about) the trades. According to the SEC Whistleblower Program’s 2020 Annual Report the Congress, the fourth most common tip submitted to the SEC concerns insider trading violations. And based on the success of the SEC whistleblower program, investors should certainly think twice before trading on inside information.

Contact us today to find out the strategies that we have successfully employed to secure SEC whistleblower awards for our whistleblower clients.

SEC Whistleblower Program

SEC whistleblower attorneyUnder the SEC Whistleblower Program, whistleblowers may be eligible for monetary awards when they voluntarily provide the SEC with original information about violations of federal securities laws, including insider trading. Whistleblowers are eligible to receive between 10% and 30% of the monetary sanctions collected if their tip leads to a successful enforcement action resulting in monetary sanctions exceeding $1,000,000.

The SEC Whistleblower Program also protects the confidentiality of whistleblowers and does not disclose information that might directly or indirectly reveal a whistleblower’s identity. In fact, whistleblowers can even submit a tip anonymously if represented by counsel.

Since the law went into effect, the SEC Whistleblower Office has awarded more than $1.3 billion to whistleblowers. The largest SEC whistleblower awards to date are $114 million, $50 million, $50 million, $39 million, and $37 million.

Whistleblower Tips to the SEC About Insider Trading

Under federal securities laws, individuals are liable for insider-trading violations when they buy or sell a security in breach of a fiduciary duty or other relationship of trust and confidence, while in possession of material, nonpublic information about the security. A “relationship of trust and confidence” may exist in many circumstances, as highlighted in SEC Rule 10b5-2. Information is considered “material” if it would be important to a reasonable investor in making an investment decision.

In addition, insider-trading violations may occur when an individual:

  • tips material, nonpublic information;
  • trades securities based on tipped information; or
  • trades securities based on misappropriated information.

Recently, the Supreme Court has lowered the bar for prosecuting individuals who trade on inside information from family or friends.  In Salman v. United States, the Supreme Court held that government prosecutors are not required to show that money, property, or something of tangible value was provided in exchange for insider information from relatives or friends. The Court reasoned that “[i]n these situations, the tipper personally benefits because giving a gift of trading information to a [relative or friend] is the same thing as trading by the tipper followed by a gift of the proceeds.”

Insider-trading laws are designed to protect market integrity and prevent individuals from profiting unlawfully. Prosecuting insider-trading violations is a top enforcement priority of the SEC.

Examples of Insider Trading Cases Bought by the SEC

According to the SEC’s Insider Trading webpage, the agency has brought insider-trading cases against:

  • corporate officers, directors, and employees who traded the corporation’s securities after learning of significant, confidential corporate developments;
  • friends, business associates, family members, and other ‘tippees’ of such officers, directors, and employees, who traded the securities after receiving such information;
  • employees of law, banking, brokerage and printing firms who were given such information to provide services to the corporation whose securities they traded;
  • government employees who learned of such information because of their employment by the government; and
  • other persons who misappropriated, and took advantage of, confidential information from their employers.

SEC Insider Trading Enforcement Actions

Securities Fraud Whistleblowers RewardOn August 29, 2018, the SEC charged NFL football player, Mychal Kendricks, and a former investment banker, Damilare Sonoiki, with insider trading. According to the SEC’s complaint, Kendricks began receiving nonpublic information from Sonoiki in advance of corporate acquisitions through coded text messages and FaceTime conversations. Thereafter, the duo traded on the nonpublic information, generating allegedly $1.2 million in illegal profits. In one instance (see the SEC’s timeline graphic of events), they generated a nearly 400 percent return on the investment in two weeks.

In another insider trading enforcement action, on March 23, 2017, the SEC announced that it settled charges against Steven A. Hartung who allegedly earned $60,000 on a family member’s inside information about Merck & Co. Inc.’s 2014 acquisition of Idenix Pharmaceuticals. The SEC disgorged his gains and Hartung agreed to pay an equivalent penalty and interest for a total settlement of $123,000. While this settlement amount would not qualify a whistleblower for an award, it nevertheless underscores that the SEC is targeting any individual who trades on inside information – even if it does not result in a multi-million-dollar profit.

In yet another insider trading enforcement action, on September 21, 2016, hedge-fund manager Leon G. Cooperman and his firm, Omega Advisors, were charged with insider trading for purchasing securities based on material, nonpublic information. According to the SEC’s complaint, Cooperman learned of Atlas Pipeline Partners’ (“APL”) sale of its natural-gas processing facility from the company’s executive in advance of the public announcement. During this conversation, Cooperman allegedly told the executive that he would not to use the information for trading purposes. Thereafter, the hedge-fund manager purchased a substantial amount of APL’s stock, whose value increased by about 31% after the sale of the gas-processing facility.

Are SEC Whistleblowers Protected Against Retaliation?

Yes.  Click here to learn more about anti-retaliation protections for SEC whistleblowers under the Dodd-Frank Act and Sarbanes-Oxley Act.

SEC Whistleblower Process

Leading SEC Whistleblower Attorneys in a Tier- 1 Firm Law Firm

SEC whistleblower bounties or awardsThe experienced whistleblower lawyers at Zuckerman Law represent whistleblowers worldwide before the SEC under the Dodd-Frank SEC Whistleblower Program.  The firm has a licensed Certified Public Accountant and Certified Fraud Examiner on staff to enhance its ability to investigate and disclose complex financial fraud to the SEC.

Firm Principal Jason Zuckerman has been named by Washingtonian Magazine as a “Top Whistleblower Lawyer” and the firm has been ranked by U.S. News as a Tier 1 Firm in Labor & Employment Litigation.

Leading whistleblower law firm Zuckerman Law has substantial experience investigating securities fraud schemes and preparing effective submissions to the SEC concerning a wide range of federal securities violations, including:

SEC Whistleblower Law Firm

For more information about the SEC Whistleblower Program, download our free ebook SEC Whistleblower Program: Tips from SEC Whistleblower Attorneys to Maximize an SEC Whistleblower Award and see the following resources:


insider trading whistleblower rewards

Jason Zuckerman, Principal of Zuckerman Law, litigates whistleblower retaliation, qui tam, wrongful discharge, and other employment-related claims. He is rated 10 out of 10 by Avvo, was recognized by Washingtonian magazine as a “Top Whistleblower Lawyer” in 2015 and selected by his peers to be included in The Best Lawyers in America® and in SuperLawyers.

Matthew Stock is the Director of the Whistleblower Rewards Practice at Zuckerman Law. He represents whistleblowers around the world in SEC, CFTC and IRS whistleblower claims. He is also a Certified Public Accountant, Certified Fraud Examiner and former KPMG external auditor.