Image of ARB holds that Taping Workplace Conversations Is Protected Whistleblowing

ARB holds that Taping Workplace Conversations Is Protected Whistleblowing

Recording a Conversation Can Be Protected Whistleblowing

In a nuclear whistleblower retaliation case, the DOL Administrative Review Board held that recording workplace conversations to gather evidence of safety violations is protected whistleblowing under the whistleblower protection provision of the ERA.

The whistleblower in Franchini v. Argonne National Laboratory recorded workplace conversations evidencing potential radiation contamination and workplace safety issues at the Argonne National Laboratory, a multidisciplinary science and engineering research center owned by the Department of Energy and operated by UChicago Argonne, LLC.   In the course of raising his concerns internally at Argonne and to the Department of Energy, Franchini made about 50 recordings of discussions with his supervisors and co-workers. Franchini made all but three of those recordings without his co-workers’ knowledge or consent. In addition, Franchini had taken multiple digital photographs to document his safety concerns. The ARB held that gathering evidence by recording workplace conversations can be protected whistleblowing under the ERA and relied in part on the following decisions:

Melendez v. Exxon Chem. Am., ARB No. 96-051, ALJ No. 1993-ERA-006, slip op. at 18 (ARB July 14, 2000) (“the gathering of evidence in support of a whistleblower complaint, including the gathering of evidence by means of tape recording, is a type of activity that has been held to be covered by the employee protection provisions [of the ERA]”); Mosbaugh v. Georgia Power Co., 1991-ERA-001 (Sec’y Nov. 20, 1995) (tape recording to gather evidence in support of a nuclear safety complaint to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission protected under the ERA). Cf., Hoffman v. NetJets Aviation, Inc., ARB No. 09-021, ALJ No. 2007-AIR-007 (ARB Mar. 24, 2001) (distinguishing cases such as Mosbaugh, where the complainant engages in “selective recordings” designed to gather evidence of safety violations or other violations under the whistleblower statutes, from cases in which a complainant engages in indiscriminate and excessive recording of unrelated topics, such as a company’s business strategy and finances, which the ARB held would create an independent legal basis for disciplinary action).

The ARB’s decision in Franchini will be helpful to whistleblowers, and indeed admissions obtained from recorded conversations can be critical evidence in whistleblower cases. But the ARB’s decision should not be construed as a blanket endorsement of recording workplace conversations and it is important to assess the potential risks stemming from recording conversations.

Before gathering evidence to support a whistleblower reward or whistleblower retaliation claim, an employee should consult with counsel to ensure that the employee is not gathering evidence in a manner that is unlawful or that could give the employer a valid basis to terminate the employee. For example, some states prohibit recordings unless all parties to a conversation consent to being recorded. The Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press has issued a helpful state-by-state guide to taping phone calls and in-person conversations, which is available here. It is also important to avoid taking actions that give rise to an after-acquired evidence defense, which may limit a whistleblower’s remedies if the employer uncovers evidence that independently justifies the termination, even if the initial termination decision was retaliatory.

Experienced Whistleblower Protection Lawyers

best sexual harassment attorneys Washington DC Maryland VirginiaBefore hiring a lawyer for a high-stakes whistleblower case, assess the lawyer’s reputation, prior experience representing whistleblowers, knowledge of whistleblower laws and prior results.  And consider the experience of other whistleblowers working with that attorney.  We have extensive experience representing whistleblower under a wide variety of corporate whistleblower protection laws.  See our client testimonials by clicking here.

To learn more about whistleblower rewards or whistleblower protections, call the whistleblower lawyers at Zuckerman Law for a free consultation at 202-262-8959, or click here.

  • U.S. News and Best Lawyers® have named Zuckerman Law a Tier 1 firm in Litigation – Labor and Employment in the Washington DC metropolitan area.
  • Both Eric Bachman and Jason Zuckerman served on the Department of Labor’s Whistleblower Protection Advisory Committee, which makes recommendations to the Secretary of Labor to improve OSHA’s administration of federal whistleblower protections.
  • Firm Principal Jason Zuckerman was recognized by Washingtonian magazine as a “Top Whistleblower Lawyer” in 2015, 2009, and 2007 selected by his peers to be included in The Best Lawyers in America® in the category of employment law (2011-2017), and selected by his peers to be listed in SuperLawyers (2012 and 2015-2017) in the category of labor and employment law.  is rated 10 out of 10 by Avvo, based largely on client reviews, and rated AV Preeminent® by Martindale-Hubbell based on peer reviews.
  • Eric Bachman, Chair of the Firm’s Discrimination Practice, has substantial experience litigating precedent-setting individual and class action discrimination cases.  His wins include a $100 million settlement in a disparate impact Title VII class action and a $16 million class action settlement against a major grocery chain.  Having served as Special Litigation Counsel in the Civil Rights Division of the Department of Justice and as lead or co-counsel in numerous jury trials, Bachman is trial-tested and ready to fight for you to obtain the relief that you deserve.
  • The firm has published extensively on whistleblower rights and protections, and speaks nationwide at seminars and continuing legal education conferences.  We blog about new developments under whistleblower retaliation and rewards laws at the Whistleblower Protection Blog.
  • The firm is routinely quoted in the media about whistleblower rights and protections.
  • Eric Bachman and Jason Zuckerman served in senior positions at the U.S. Office of Special Counsel, the federal agency charged with protecting whistleblowers in the federal government.  At OSC, they oversaw investigations of whistleblower claims and obtained corrective action or relief for whistleblowers.

For information about the SEC’s Whistleblower Reward Program, download our free ebook SEC Whistleblower Program: Tips from SEC Whistleblower Attorneys to Maximize an SEC Whistleblower Award.

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Dallas Hammer represents employees in whistleblower, discrimination, and other employment-related litigation, including representing corporate whistleblowers in claims under the whistleblower protection provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and Dodd-Frank Act; representing federal employees in adverse action appeals at the Merit Systems Protection Board and claims under the Whistleblower Protection Act, including individual right of action appeals; negotiating severance, separation, and employment agreements; and representing employees in discrimination and retaliation actions, including sexual harassment claims under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act and disability discrimination claims under the Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments Act of 2008.

Jason Zuckerman, Principal of Zuckerman Law, litigates whistleblower retaliation, qui tam, wrongful discharge, and other employment-related claims. He is rated 10 out of 10 by Avvo, was recognized by Washingtonian magazine as a “Top Whistleblower Lawyer” in 2015 and selected by his peers to be included in The Best Lawyers in America® and in SuperLawyers.